George Cole

'On the Wye, Goodrich'

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‘On the Wye, Goodrich’
Signed & dated 1875
Oil on Canvas 24″ x 36″

George Cole
British 1810 – 1883

George Cole was the patriach of the prolific Cole family of landscape painters, comprising of his sons George Vicat Cole (1833- 1893), Arthur Benjamin Cole (fl.1880 – 1886) and his grandson Rex Vicat Cole (1870 – 1940).

Born in Portsmouth in 1810, George Cole was apprenticed to a ship’s painter in the Royal Navy dockyards. He taught himself to paint pictures, at first portraits and animals, before changing his focus to landscapes, receiving instruction from the artist John Wilson (1774 – 1855).  George Cole liked to paint ‘plein air’, producing richly coloured and detailed landscapes, idealising the Hampshire countryside and agricultural scenery.

Rustic genre and animals played an important role in his paintings, and his habitual choice of wonderful subject matter and composition can be seen in this finely executed work On the Wye, Goodrich. George Cole is known for his magnificent skies, with rolling clouds illuminated with a soft light. The sky in this fine work, illustrates his consumate skill – the fluffy clouds have a golden glow, and the sunlight send shafts of light across the still river, lighting the paths. A group of men toil with the heavy logs on the riverbank, while the team of horses patiently wait for the wooden cart to be loaded, ready to be pulled to its final destination. A herd of cattle graze under the trees on the opposite bank – it is a tranquil scene of a time long gone by.

George Cole enjoyed considerable success during his lifetime, finding an eager market amongst the emerging Bourgeoisie, who were furnishing their grand city villas with nostalgic scenes of the countryside they left behind. George Cole’s career has been regarded as a good example of the Victorian self-made man. He sold many of his works directly to dealers such as Thomas McLean and Arthur Tooth, with his annual income rising from £842 in 1858 to £2,580 in 1873. In 1831 he married Eliza Vicat, of an old Huguenot family, moving to Fulham in 1851, then to Kensington in 1855, before purchasing Coombe Lodge, a small estate in Hampshire in the mid-1860s.

As well as commercial success, George Cole exhibited sixteen works at the Royal Academy and his work formed the mainstay of the Society of British Artists at Suffolk Street, where he exhibited 209 paintings from 1838 until his death in1883. He was elected a member in 1850, became auditor in 1856 and vice-president in 1867. He was also awarded a medal for a harvesting scene in 1864 by the Society for the Encouragement of the Fine Arts.

© Sutcliffe Galleries 2017


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